South africas hegemonic position essay

Men's behaviours show a clustering of violent and risky sexual practices, suggesting important connections. Instead it focus on men as gendered beings and explore gendered power dynamics, addressing masculinities and femininities as relational opposites, enacted and performed through every forms of interaction imbued with power.

A goal that is much easier to evaluate, with gender attitude scales and measures of use of violence, but that uncertainly maps on to the broader social project of change in an ideal. Both Husbands and Banda Gang Members: Of particular concern has been the nature of violent and interpersonal crimes, which includes: Gender and Violence through a Hegemonic Masculinity Lens: Other intended outputs include curriculum development, specifically joint MA programmes incorporating student exchanges; and collaborative PhD supervision.

There are many men from across the social spectrum who adopt masculinities that incorporate counter hegemonic practices, such as engagement in childcare and caring for sick and disabled relatives, or support for gender equality and opposition to against violence against women [ 4849 ].

The imperative for building safer sexual practices provides the possibilities of engagement with change in the gender order and encouraging more gender-equitable men [ 70 ].

Their origins lie in adversity, including in violence experiences in childhood that have enduring psychological impact, manifesting in a lack of empathy and remorse, which enable acts of violence while positioning the male actors as themselves victims Bourgois ; Fulu et al.

We argue that the goals of HIV prevention and optimizing of care can best be achieved through change in gender identities, rather than through a focus on individual sexual behaviours.

What we should also consider is that Men do not only subordinate woman — as popular feminism has it — but they also subordinate other men constructed as lesser men [weaker] through misogynic and homophobic tendencies.

While the power of men is by no means established through the use of force, indeed the cultural foundations of patriarchy and processes through which it is maintained are broad and deep, and the use of violence, within limits and in particular contexts, is viewed by many, but not all, men as legitimate in pursuit of their goals [ 34 ].

Dependency theory

The dominant model of femininity, in these respects, benefits women as they are diagnosed with HIV earlier and more likely to get into and do well on treatment. But equally, it is important to read these behaviours through a historical and cultural lens.


This behaviour, however, should not be viewed in isolation. South Korea and North Korea provide another example of trade-based development vs. A Reflection from South Africa I have often asked myself: The programme is explicitly inspired by masculinity theory, particularly hegemonic masculinity and hypermasculinity Herekeven if the link to the concept of hegemonic masculinity varies in the different parts of the material.

Historically, sexual relationships between individuals were part of subsumed socially negotiated relationships between families, with marriages formalized through payment by men of lobola, the bridewealth. Despite this diversity, there are clear patterns of power and dominance.

Further, some of that surplus must be used for capital accumulation — the purchase of new means of production — if development is to occur; spending the surplus on things like luxury consumption does not produce development.

Washington, DC, Population Council; The society is strongly patriarchal, and violence against women is widespread. Discussion of gender and HIV should not be concluded without reflecting on how HIV creates possibilities for gender transformation.

Descriptive Essay: My Country South Africa

South African Police Service. Historically, pre-marital penetrative sex was prohibited, but it is now the norm and, indeed, half of all black women have had a child by the age of 21, mostly outside marriage [ 27 ]. This applies both in the public for example, men resolving differences between one another using physical violence [ 35 ] and private domains where domestic violence, including femicide, is common.

Key here are differences in the way in which men and women position themselves and act as social beings, i. Alone, the effects of such work will be slow. The Modern Girl around the World: The Gini coefficient usually ranges between 0,3 highly equal and 0,7 highly unequal.

Hegemonic masculinity: combining theory and practice in gender interventions

1 Hegemon or Pivot?: debating South Africa’s role in Africa These perspectives were presented at a public debate held during Augustorganised by the. This paper examines the utility of the hegemonic stability theory in understanding regional power dynamics within Africa.

The study operationalizes the concept of regional hegemony by drawing insights from a comparative foreign policy analysis of African regional powers, with emphasis on Nigeria.

Effective Hegemonic Influence in Africa: An Analysis of Nigeria’s ‘Hegemonic’ Position

Using a largely qualitative methodology supplemented with primary data, the paper examines the. Dec 19,  · Abstract. South Africa’s position on the African continent is widely seen to be one of dominance and leadership.

No longer subject to the international opprobrium, post-apartheid South Africa launched a visionary campaign built around the notion of an ‘African Renaissance’ to restructure continental institutions in line with its interests.

South Africa's contemporary foreign policy cannot be understood outside an explanation of its post-apartheid political transition.

Its actors, the ideas they express, the interests they represent and the institutions they craft are all crucially influenced and impacted upon by the democratic transition and how it has evolved.


This democratic transition is defined by two foundational. Mar 22,  · The concept of hegemonic masculinity has had a profound impact on gender activism and has been taken up particularly in health interventions.

The concept was part of a conceptual gendered vocabulary about men which opened up analytical space for research on masculinity and prompted a generation of gender interventions with men.

Dependency theory is the notion that resources flow from a "periphery" of poor and underdeveloped states to a "core" of wealthy states, enriching the latter at the expense of the is a central contention of dependency theory that poor states are impoverished and rich ones enriched by the way poor states are integrated into the "world system".

South africas hegemonic position essay
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